Melasma is a condition that results in darker areas of skin or hyperpigmentation. It usually occurs on the face-cheeks, lips, forehead, and nose, and is more common in women.
What causes Melasma?
The cells that produce melanin are inappropriately stimulated, resulting in the classic discoloration. There are several causes, including Addison’s Disease, thyroid problems, and genetics, but the most common contributor is hormonal. It is sometimes referred to as “The Mask of Pregnancy” due to its emergence during the hormonal changes of pregnancy. Prescription birth control and hormone replacement therapy have also been linked to this condition.
How will my Dermatologist treat my Melasma?
In many cases, the discoloration will fade after childbirth or with the cessation of hormone therapy. However, in some cases, it may be more persistent and one may want to pursue treatment. Such treatment may consist of facial peels, depigmenting agents such as Hydroquinone, or even laser treatments.
Please set an appointment with your dermatologist to make sure there is not an underlying medical condition contributing to your melasma and see if any of the available treatments fit your needs.